Learning remotely and how the world suddenly became unable to attend schools and learn in the way they used to. The importance of this topic for teachers is to facilitate the education process for everyone at all levels and to provide the opportunity for education, even if the student is unable to attend for any emergency, this does not hinder him from taking his full lessons. This topic has become important to me because it has become prevalent in all countries of the world, and we know how to use technology to our advantage, I wonder can e-learning continue forever? why not? If it gives the same positive results as the present education in schools and universities.
Literature Review Interdiction
A review of recent research studies on the effects of Covid-19 online schooling shows mixed results. Studies show evidence of positive outcomes as well as negative effects. The review below begins with Ferlazzo’s 2021 study of eight ways Covid-19 changed education. It continues with Morgan’s 2022 study of a future result. Eye study in 2020 is one that considers advantages and also disadvantages. D’souza 2020 found positive effects on literacy and finally Thorsteinsen et al 2021 found that Covid-19 had negative effects on social and emotional behaviors.
This paper below will show the research evidence that covid affected schools. These Effects were focused especially on Elementary schools. We will start with general research on the influence of Covid-19 and end with Thorsteinsen et al. (2021) explaining the significance of Covid-19 on a specific research study on behavior.
The Pandemic has affected education and schools (Ferlazzo, 2021). He puts eight ways that the covid-19 Pandemic will have changed education, concludes Points as 1) Students would be undergoing extraordinary growth 2) Technical skills would be improved with online learning 3) The independence and personal skills of students would be increased 4) Social interest among students would develop to maintain good learning skills 5) Emotional support for the student would also be increased 6) Academic developments among students would be improved 7) Students would have enhanced literacy of digital systems and 8) Remote instruction of the online learning would increase the focus of students and standards of education (Ferlazzo, 2021).
Morgan (2022) also connected research dealing with the future given Covid, his article outlines (Alleviating the challenges with remote learning during a pandemic) this article is complete my thinking and my opinion because this is one of the plans in the future in education. He ends it by saying “Online learning provides opportunities for emotional and physical health to the students. Important reforms are much needed to support the children living with low-income circumstances to make studies easier for them. Classes can be suspended anytime, so online learning would be a great learning source for students (Morgan, 2022).
The search also outlines the positive and negative aspects of online learning ( Eye, 2020). Similar to the other research, there are advantages and disadvantages. The main advantage of online learning is that it provides convenience and comfortability to the students, and the main drawback of online learning is the technology and loss of time. It also affects social interaction. Students are far away, and they do not contact one another physically. Online learning is an opportunity for students without access to reach the place and get knowledge and skills (Eye, 2021).
There has also been researching on basic skills, like literacy (D’Souza, 2021) conducted research to study the impact-focused on student engagement, and she founds positive aspects. To describe the impact and influence of online learning on the reading abilities of children. It has been found that online learning increases optimism among children. Her analysis shows that online learning helps students in every district learn how to improve reading skills and removes barriers and discrimination among students. The enhanced reading ability among students has made things easy and convenient for them to learn. I agree with the perspective of D’Souza, and her research is based on the real situation that we all witnessed during the Pandemic. And I support her analysis that COVID has a positive impact on students’ learning (D’Souza, 2021).
Finally, In this literature review, my focus is also on more than just elementary academic education. Research by Thorsteinsen et al. (2021) studied how covid-19 impacts school engagement and how learning changed in these years of the Pandemic. The author and his group collected data via questionnaires, which included That COVID-19 has caused the shutting down of schools in many countries and affected the well-being of children. This research shows that COVID restrictions affected the children’s emotional states related to studies and joining new groups. They were unhappy and felt disengaged in the study activities. Schools had to make structural changes to ensure the interest of children. This change relates to online learning, and schools started online learning to make children happy and increase their engagement.
A questionnaire analysis was done to collect the data related to the research. The hypothesis was that COVID had affected student engagement, proving right. This research paper has identified that children like to get engaged with their teachers and friends for fast learning and do not like to connect with new people. So online learning connects children with class fellows and teachers that emotionally satisfy them. Conclusion this article’s conclusion leads toward structural change in COVID time and it would lead to online learning to increase students’ interest (Thorsteinsen, et al., 2021).
In conclusion, this Pandemic has effects Poth positive and negative. Studies in elementary schools and other schools show increases the students’ interest and make the process of learning interesting for them. Students’ engagement, interest in studies, and improvement of speaking skills are achieved during this Pandemic.
My methodology is based on the literature on the academic, social, and emotional effects of Covid-19. Like the literature studies mentioned above, I will use a questionnaire.
My questionnaire was verbal and administered by two female parents.
In my neighborhood, I have families with kids. I see them every morning riding their children on the school bus. I selected two of these parents as subjects.
The first subject is from Pakistan, and she has one boy in third grade. I asked her some questions, and she was happy to answer all my questions.
I start with her by asking, what is online learning for you? She said that online learning at first was tiring because it was new to us as mothers, but we got used to it after a while and felt very comfortable.
Q 2: How old is your son?
Answer: he is eight years old.
Q 3: How do you rate online education out of 10?
Q 4: Do you want to continue online education?
Q 5: Is your child feeling comfortable with online education?
Q 6: Has your child’s Academic level changed in online learning?
Answer: No, his level was the same or maybe better than in person because my son is a shy person, and one of the advantages of online learning is no direct contact with others, and this was a good point for him.
The second subject was interviewed another day. She is also one of my neighbors. She is from Russia, her daughter is in the seventh grade, and I asked her some questions:
Q1: How old is your daughter?
A: she is 12 years old.
Q2: What is your general opinion about online learning?
A: well, online learning was a big challenge for me as a single mom. I have to check on my daughter every hour that her camera is on, and she participates with the teacher and peers.
Q3: How do you rate online education out of 10?
Q4: Has your daughter’s Academic level changed in online learning?
A: yes, I think she was better when she was attending in-person classes because she needs constant follow-up from their teachers in class at her age.
Q5: Do you want to continue online learning?
Q6: Do you want to say something as an opinion?
The interview with these two people has given mixed responses regarding the impact of the Pandemic on students’ learning. In my opinion, the preference for online learning varies from person to person according to the interest and nature of students. I agree that online learning is challenging, but it’s an excellent opportunity to learn new things and excel in students’ technical skills. It’s a good option for parents to check on their children and track their performances.
|Person 1 Boy 8 years old
|Person 2 Girl 12 years old|
|Their academic level was the same or better than I person school because of their personality
|Their academic level was lower than in in-person school because of her age
Differences: Improved learning
Difference: Reduced Learning
As can be seen from the chart above, there were some similarities. The only strong similarity was they through the same number of months in online learning. Parents were able to check their child’s work.
There were a number of differences starting with the boy having positive improvement in learning, and the girl having a reduced learning experience. The boy’s experience reflected his personality, and he was comfortable at home. The girl’s experience reflected that her mother couldn’t control her at home. The online work for the girl didn’t motivate her to stay online. The opposite attitude was demonstrated by the boy. The fact of the boy was only 8 years old is significant. The mother had better control than the mother of the girl that was 12 years old.
This study aims to identify the impact of COVID-19 on students’ online learning. It has been found in the research that Pandemic has a positive impact on the learning of students. The students of all levels have improved their technical and personal skills. The learning interest among students has increased through online learning methods. The educational system modification had positive and negative impacts on the learning of students, but the majority of impacts were positive with enhanced performances. It has been found that online learning increases the optimism among children, and online learning is an opportunity for those students who have no access to get reach the place and get knowledge and skills. It can be concluded that the Pandemic has given a lot of opportunities to the students to attend classes with flexible timings and interesting learning methods. It activated the intuitive abilities of the students.
Limitations and Implications
The gathering of data for this study was limited in terms of numbers. It essentially is a case study of two students. It is also limited to middle-class students attending above-average schools.
Finally, the data is self-reported. There was no corroboration with schoolwork and grades.
There are however some interesting implications for further study. More interviews could reveal differences based on gender. Interviews with students from lower and upper socioeconomic status families could result in other differences. Finally, another area not explored is children from non-emigrant English-speaking homes.
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