1.0 Introduction

Conjoining is the part of speech that is used in English grammar to join two separate identities. Mostly when the conversation is carried out the English Grammar and syntax are often associated with the true use of written styles. Conjoining is the term used to add the effect of two separate identifies which are not linked to the writing to provide expression. Most of the time in the text there are thoughts that require being connected with each other in the form of true rules of syntax and grammar (Litman, et al., 2017). The conjunction terms are normally added to solve the issues and the language style keeps on expressing the thoughts with an independent frame of mind.


In English grammar specifically relating to the generative portion, embedding is a process where one clause in the English language is nested in other. This response to the use of two different clauses for the same opinion (Millaku, 2017 ). This portion refers to the inclusion of any linguistic part that is used for expressing the meaning of the same idea with the help of different clauses. This also reports on the use of language tools for providing an example of effective and ineffective embedding. Basically, the embedding is carried out in the form of a process where a key planned idea is related to the sentence. This idea is embedded with the help of second thoughts of a person and keeps on changing the nature of sentence style with Embedding.

2.0 Literature Review

The phrases prove an important part in building the syntax for the English language. This syntax is the main area that defines the use of phrases and the base of the elements of grammar. The main weakness of the phrase is the effectiveness of Subject and Object. This forms the area where meaning cannot be delivered alone without any helping article (Jalilifar, et al., 2017). As identified by the Author Noun phrase is a combination of words that have the same unity as the Noun functions in a sentence. This phrase is most commonly used in the form of the pronoun. This phrase can take the help of a Noun to complete the sentence’s meaning.

The noun phrase can be expressed in the form of using a noun with the modifiers. For example, the Noun phrase is represented in the following sentence where “They hired a huge beautiful home indicates that a huge beautiful home is the Noun phrase added in the form of noun relation with the subject.

The second phrase is identified with a prepositional phrase. According to the author, this phrase comprises an object along with the desired proposition. There are chances for modifiers to take a part in this category as the literature suggests that the proportions phase has the use of a noun as well as the pronoun for a single meaning (Millaku & Topanica, 2017). For example, if near a wall is related to the proposition phase the location along with the noun element also comes into play for meaning.

The third type of phrase is related with the adjective phrases where the establishing the link of adjective forms the main element of the phrase (Collins & Hollo, 2016). According to the author, this phrase modifies the meaning of the noun in such a way that sentence becomes clear as compared to the part without the adjective phrase (Millaku, 2016). For example, in the sentence Kids on the roof, this phrase modified the meaning of nouns related to the position of the subject.

If an adverb phrase is related to the author’s point then adding meaning to the verb in a sentence can be related to the true function of the adverb phrase. This is explained as a word added to change the effect of the verb. If very high is added to speed then very high speed becomes the source of adverb phrases (Thornton, 2016.). The inclusion of verb phrases also provides a significant effect on sentence structure. This can be in the form of verbs and help verbs where the action is denoted by the link of the phrase (Cheung, 2014). The last type of phrase is mentioned by the author in terms of infinitive phrase. This is linked with the addition of two for adding an action in the sentence. For example, to drive is an infinitive phrase. The review of the author on infinitive phrases states that it is commonly used in sentences to add meaning to a verb or noun (Bresnan, et al., 2015).

In a study made by Hannah and coauthors the embedding and conjoining terms were related to the forms and function of the sentences (Rohde, et al., 2017). The author states that the coherence of the sentence depends upon the conjoining and embedding strategies. The embedding basically forwards a basic for increasing sentence structure relationship. In conjoining the sentences are divided based on separate variables (Cichosz & Gaszewski, 2014). Integrating a linguistic element depend on the key level of schematics where the syntax holds the basic key for efficient linguistics (Durrleman, et al., 2015).

Conjoining is the reason which is used to make the comprehension measures as compared the part of disclosure (Rohde, et al., 2017). For example, a mayor is elected. A riot happened. These two elements are mutually independent and provide no information about what happened on which evidence. If there are joined with them, as a result, a cause and effect sequence will be established to easier comprehension. This is the conjoining practice (Cacoullos & Travis, 2014).

Similarly adding one clause into another is called embedding where for example adding she told [he would do] is an example of embedding in the linguistic structure a sentence is long and there is a requirement for independent occurrences then embedding will be carried out in relation with the supported events (Rinke & Aßmann, 2017). For example, if it is said that a company proposed that a manager was elected and that there was a problem shows a complex matrix. This can be resolved with the help of adding and working to level the meaning of the first person. This will be a major removal from the matrix clause. The embedding process adds support to the mental model for the reader (Burridge, 2014. ).


3.0 Analysis of Text

The Embedded phrases within phrases are identified in the form of green color in both of the texts while embedding clauses within phrases are highlighted as blue. Embedded clauses within sentences are identified with the help of square brackets. The conjoined phrases are spotted as yellow and clauses are spotted as brown colour.

[If there is anyone out there who still doubts that America is a place where all things are possible; who still wonders if the dream of our founders is alive in our time; who still questions the power of our democracy, tonight is your answer.] Embedding phrase

{It’s the answer told by lines that stretched around schools and churches in numbers this nation has never seen}; {by people who waited three hours and four hours, many for the very first time in their lives, because they believed that this time must be different; that their voice could be that difference.}

[It’s the answer spoken by young and old, rich and poor, Democrat and Republican, black, white, Latino, Asian, Native American, gay, straight, disabled and not disabled]– {Americans who sent a message to the world that we have never been a collection of the Red States and the Blue States: we are, and always will be, the United States of America.}

{It’s the answer that led those who have been told for so long by so many to be cynical, and fearful, and doubtful of what we can achieve to put their hands on the arc of history and bend it once more toward the hope of a better day.}

[It’s been a long time coming, but tonight, because of what we did on this day, in this election, at this defining moment, change has come to America.]

I just received a very gracious call from Senator McCain. {He fought long and hard in this campaign, and he’s fought even longer and harder for the country he loves}. {He has endured sacrifices for America that most of us cannot begin to imagine, and we are better off for the service rendered by this brave and selfless leader. {I congratulate him and Governor Palin for all they have achieved, and I look forward to working with them to renew this nation’s promise in the months ahead.

Barack Obama: Election Night Victory Speech: Grant Park, Illinois: November 4, 2008.

The curriculum is treated as an educational space for planned interaction of students with instructional content, materials, resources, and processes for evaluating the attainment of learning outcomes. The team had to ensure that the teaching pedagogies are aligned with the learning outcomes of the module. It also needed to be maximally transparent to students, so [that they know what they are learning when they are learning (the order of topics for example), how they are learning (the teaching and learning strategies)] and {the measures to ensure that they have actually learned}.

{Scaffolding is also another aspect of the curriculum and it guides students towards their learning objectives.}

It is often overlooked and more often underestimated that in an academic institution, students contribute significantly to the delivery of a programmed. For Majan College and specifically for the Faculty of English Language Studies, [ students coming from various backgrounds cutting across nationalities, geographical locations, and academic traditions play a very important role in the delivery of the modules through their responses], through their feedback provided on different modules and on other non-academic issues, through linguistic and {theoretical inputs brought into the classroom through homework}. Since language and its structure and function are the major topics in most of the modules, [ the prelinguistic and composite nature of the student groups bring in varieties of perspectives into the teaching-learning process.  ]

Source: Adapted from the Annual Monitoring Report (2013) of Majan University College.

4.0 Conclusion

This study was designed to look for the practice of embedding and conjoining in English language syntax. The main objective was to look for different phrases of conjoining and embedding in sentence structure and review the possible research carried out by scholars. The final part was the practice of two texts where embedding and conjoining were spotted for clauses and phrases within the structure. It was found that the embedding technique helps to arrange the structure of sentence for simplicity. It helps to remove the confusion from the syntax while conjoining adds towards separate parts of the sentence in a single manner.

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