America has gone through a major change of industrialization after the American civil war. This industrialization has brought major changes in the modern era but specifically in the periods between 1865 and 1920. The three major aspects in which industrialization brought crucial changes are economy, society, and politics. There is strong growth in each and every aspect during this period.


Literature Review

The period of industrialization has approved major changes throughout the country in many fields including the economy. The structure of industries also gets better and this opened the doors for many people. People got new working opportunities and they moved toward a better living standard. The economy of the country seems to receive miracle manufacturing in various fields.

In the first place, the quality of employment is affected in America due to this industrialization. The major focus is on labor markets and all changes have been brought through the development of the labor market (Ramos, Sehnbruch, & Weller, 2015). There has been a focus on job numbers and productivity. Ramos and the team discussed the implication of occupational status for employment quality in their research done in 2015. Depending on this quality of employment many social dilemmas have been solved. It goes for stabilizing more formal employment and social protection as well.

Furthermore, it is indicated that the industrial revolution has brought many negative implications as well. The revolution has brought suffering for many of its admirers and the chain is still continued. An example is the factory system which has imposed multiple regulations on each and every group of society. The working system in factories coined many negative health outcomes. The average worker in America got exploited in this way. Other than these, there are many deregulations within the lower order which formed the basis for society. However, it would be feasible to say that more power is gained through the workforce.

The political implications have seen the major global economic power. It also observed the major clash between traditional culture and modern progress and also the passage of labor-related legislation. The result of civil war is in form of conflict between the agrarian societies which is relied on slave labor (Rothstein, 2011). It becomes the type of society that paid for employees for fueling the consumer economy. Urban workers started to merge with a political class which encouraged the passage of legislation.

The Industrial Revolution has also observed the predominant position of capitalism. It is the concept that emerged in the context of the wealth of nations and the major wealth is in hands of industrialists. The major fluctuations are tied to the consumer market and this depends on a large population and vast natural resources. During the industrial revolution, this thing has helped to gain a major advantage in the internal and international consumer market.



In this paper, findings are related to the impacts of the industrial revolution on three specific groups of American society while considering the issues like race, ethnicity, gender, and child labor. These groups included the middle and lower class, women and children, and Native Americans.

The group of social classes emerged during the period of the industrial revolution. This class system is based on the hierarchy of financial status and race. Quality employment is initiated due to the upper class. The concept of social classes emerges during this period. The concept of the working class emerges but this was not positive as the middle class. Child labor is also in the great ratio in this class.

The second group consists of women and children. Women received major progress as they got equal opportunities in each and every field. They got the chance of stepping out of the home and earn better financial opportunities in various fields (Gereffi & Wyman, 2014). These and other movements were not successful as these threatened the identity of women. This has also increased the financial pressure on women. In society, women were not valued often and even these are kept on low wages. They were in miserable condition. They were in miserable condition and over-burdened with the major responsibilities to earn the bread and butter for the family. They were suppressed due to societal pressure.

The group of Native Americans was also got affected due to this growing urbanization and industrialization. The people who were migrating from other cities received fewer chances of employment and also quality employment. The government was unable to provide quality employment to all those immigrants. This thing had created deplorable living conditions for those Native Americans. The lower class condition was also miserable for those Native Americans.

The life of the average American worker transformed greatly in this period. There were a lot of opportunities and troubles that awaited the average workers. Mostly it was the troubles that were faced by the working class because of the fact that the working conditions were tough and the wages were low.


Overall, it can be said that the industrial revolution affected the life of the average working American. There are many other poor conditions such as miserable living conditions, low wages, improper housing facilities, and lack of legal projection for the violation of rights which are linked with the industrial revolution. Society has started to go toward debts and it is almost impossible to get rid of those debts. Therefore, the industrial revolution has made a dual impact on the progress of society.

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